NEESR-CR: Full-Scale RC and HPRFC Frame Subassemblages Subjected to Collapse-Consistent Loading Protocols for Enhanced Collapse Simulation and Internal Damage Characterization

 

  • Project Overview
  • Research Team
  • Literature
  • Construction
  • Experiment
  • Construction Team
 
NEESR-CR: Full-Scale RC and HPRFC Frame Subassemblages Subjected to Collapse-Consistent Loading Protocols for Enhanced Collapse Simulation and Internal Damage Characterization Reinforced concrete (RC) structures comprise a large number of the buildings and bridges around the world. The collapse resistance of RC structures is not well understood, even though the collapse resistance is fundamental to the life-safety of building occupants during earthquakes. One of the primary problems is that currently a vailable experimental test data are insufficient to allow researchers to comprehensively understand the collapse behavior of a building and develop accurate computer simulation models to predict when a building would collapse in an earthquake. The objective of this research is to advance knowledge about the collapse behavior and safety of both modern RC frame buildings and high performance fiber reinforced concrete (HPFRC) frame buildings when subjected to extreme earthquakes. This research project involves testing a comprehensive set of full-scale RC components and subassemblages all the way to collapse (nearly all currently available test data stop short of collapse); this comprehensive set of tests has been specifically planned for the purpose of better understanding collapse behavior and creating improved computer simulation models to predict the collapse safety of RC buildings. To improve understanding of how internal damage develops at small scales within the materials, advanced imaging technology (ultrasonic tomography) will be utilized during testing to characterize the progression of internal damage. To improve understanding of the collapse behavior of full large-scale RC buildings, improved computer simulation models will be developed and the collapse of RC building models will be directly simulated.
The following technical contributions are anticipated: (1) new calibrated RC/HPFRC component models, (2) new understanding of collapse resistance behavior of RC frame buildings constructed with RC and HPFRC materials; (3) development of internal imaging technology that could be used as an on-site structural assessment tool; and (4) understanding of the internal damage development and mechanisms for RC columns and slab-beam-column connections subjected to cyclic loading.
Results from this study will provide comprehensive information for collapse assessment of newly constructed RC moment frames, as well as moment frames constructed from an emerging high performance material (HPFRC). Such information will be necessary to support widespread use of HPFRC. The development of advanced imaging technology for concrete structures will provide new diagnostic capability to ascertain structural damage within concrete members, for example immediately after an earthquake event. The collapse simulation and imaging techniques developed in this research will be incorporated into educational tools to introduce undergraduate students to earthquake engineering research, the significance of earthquake effects, and the behavior of building structures subjected to collapse-level ground motions.
 
Principal Investigator
Shih-Ho Chao
Associate Professor
Dept. of Civil Engineering
University of Texas at Arlington, TX-76019
Email: shchao@uta.edu
Tel: 817-272-2550
Fax: 817-272-2630
Co-Principal Investigators
Curt Haselton
Associate Professor of Civil Engineering Chair
Dept. of Civil Engineering
California State University, Chico
Email: chaselton@csuchico.edu
Tel: (530) 898-5457
Fax: (530) 898-4576
Curt Haselton
John Popovics
Associate Professor
Dept. of Civil and Environmental Engineering
The University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign
Email: johnpop@illinois.edu
Tel: (217) 244-0843
Fax: (217) 265-8040
John Popovics
Arturo Schultz
Professor
Dept. of Civil Engineering
University of Minnesota-Twin Cities
Email: aeschultz@umn.edu
Tel: (612) 626-1540
Fax: (612) 626-7750
Arturo Schultz

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
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Column Specimen 3
*All specimen constructions were designed and constructed by University of Texas at Arlington students*
Column Specimen 3

 
 
 

 

 
Sanputt Simasathien
Doctoral Student
Dept. of Civil Engineering
Email: sanputt.simasathien@mavs.uta.edu
Construction Team
 
 
Sanputt Simasathien
Doctoral Student
Dept. of Civil Engineering
sanputt.simasathien@mavs.uta.edu
Young Jae Choi
Doctoral Student
Dept. of Civil Engineering
 youngjae.choi@mavs.uta.edu
Guillermo Palacios
Masters Student
Dept. of Civil Engineering
guillermo.palacios@mavs.uta.edu
Ashley Heid
REU Undergraduate Student
Dept. of Civil Engineering
ashley.heid@mavs.uta.edu
Israel Galicia
REU Undergraduate Student
Dept. of Civil Engineering
Email: israel.galicia@mavs.uta.edu
 
Project Construction Contributors
 
 
Chatchai (Chad) Jiansinlapadamrong
Doctoral Student
Dept. of Civil Engineering
chatchai.jiansinlapadamrong@mavs.uta.edu
Mohammadreza Zarrinpour
Doctoral Student
Dept. of Civil Engineering
mohammadreza.zarrinpour@mavs.uta.edu
Poorya Hajyalikhani
Doctoral Student
Dept. of Civil Engineering
poorya.hajyalikhani@mavs.uta.edu
Regina Waweru
Doctoral Student
Dept. of Civil Engineering
regina.waweru@mavs.uta.edu
Brandon Price
Master's Student
Dept. of Civil Engineering
brandon.price@mavs.uta.edu
Parham Aghdasi
Master's Student
Dept. of Civil Engineering
parham.aghdasi@mavs.uta.edu
Rachel Simer
Undergraduate Student
Dept. of Civil Engineering
rachel.simer@mavs.uta.edu
Xuan Wang
Undergraduate Student
Dept. of Civil Engineering
xuan.wang@mavs.uta.edu